Overview of back pain
Back pain is an inflammation of the nerves at the back such that the patient feels discomfort. There are various types of back pain namely upper back pain, middle back pain, lower back pain, and lower back pain with sciatica. The causes of back pain range widely and include degenerative disc disease, nerve and muscular problems, and arthritis. Any one of these diseases or a combination of them can result in back pain. To relieve back pain, there are several types of medications which can be administered including pain killers, physiotherapy and acupuncture as per the extent of the disease.
Causes and risk factors
Back pain is caused by a problem in the way the back muscles, nerves, discs, and joints function together. If there is a misalignment, there is a high likelihood of back pain. Among the major causes of back pain are back injuries, spine curvature disorders, spondylolisthesis, ankylosis spondylitis, spinal stenosis, osteoarthritis, herniated disc, age, obesity, poor loss tyre, inactive lifestyle, and other diseases. If you have any of these diseases or conditions, seek medical advice before the back pain sets in. If you already have back pain from any of these conditions, seek medical advice to either cure it or relieve the pain. Among the risk factors for most types of back pain are age, health status, pregnancy and the lifestyle of the individuals.
The symptoms for each type of back pain differ form one another. For example, sciatica causes pain in the lower back and legs while nighttime back pain could indicate that you need surgery before the problem escalates. The cauda equina syndrome is likely to lead to emergency surgery to avoid the chances of causing further damage that could lead to problems in bladder and bowel control. In the worst of cases, this syndrome leads to paralysis.
One of the main diagnostic tools is a review of the medical history of the patient. This history may reveal a lot of factors about the disease and the back pain the individual feels. You may be asked exactly when you first felt the back pain. Maybe you were lifting something, or you woke up with the pain. No matter the reason, give the Doctor the exact information they need from you. The other important diagnostic tool is physical examination. The doctor may be required to physically examine you using equipment such as X-ray machines and others to determine the look of your back from inside. In most cases, the medical history is coupled with physical examination tests for the best results. These was very effective for me when i visited a St. Louis pain management LAB, and it a steppinjg stone for me in overcoming the challenge.
Managing back pain
Ensure you have enough sleep when with back pain. Although it may be difficult falling asleep due to the pain, you may require your doctor to prescribe the right medications for you. A lack of sleep is likely to cause the pain to increase in intensity as it increases the amount of toxins in the body. Prescribed amounts and forms of exercises will also do you a lot of good. Do not, however, overwork yourself.